10 Styles of Oriental & Persian Rugs: From Aubusso

If you\'re a little hazy on the differences between traditional rug styles that are often labelled as \"oriental,\" then read on. I\'ve unraveled the Baluch from the Bokhara, the Kazak from the Khotan, but that\'s not all, oh no, that\'s not all! Ok, all Cat-in-the-Hat freestyling aside, let\'s break down some handwoven and handknotted rug styles. Aubusson Rug: Origin: Villages of Aubusson and Felletin in central France. However, Aubusson-style rugs are currently produced in China, India, and Pakistan. Size: Vintage Aubusson are typically large (10 x 17 is quite common) with a luxurious pile. Colors: Soft pastels (especially Aubusson blue and dusky rose) and ivories Design: Floral motifs and pretty painterly patterns Bokhara Rug: Origin: Pakistan, Afghanistan, and central Asia Size: Varies Color: Solid, jewel-toned background color with 5-8 repeating colors in rug pattern Design: Highly stylized pattern that repeats over entire surface of rug Chobi Rug (also known as Peshawar): Origin: Traditionally produced in Pakistan Size: Varies Colors: Antiqued appearance featuring earthy, golden tones and abrash (differing shades of one color) throughout the pile Design: Symmetrical border pattern and floral motifs Gabbeh Rug: Origin: Style of Persian rug traditionally made in southwest Iran. Gabbeh is Farsi for “raw or natural, uncut or \'in the rough\'\". Size: Medium to large Colors: Palette of 5 - 7 bright colors Design: Often feature stripes or geometric patterns (which lend to a modern look) Kazak Rug: Origin: *Qazak is a city in Northwest Azerbaijan but Kazak rugs are traditionally woven in Afghanistan and Armenia. Size: Varies Colors: 3-7 colors and a common palette of deep indigo, red, and ivory Design: Geometric motifs of animals, flowers, and tribal medallions Khotan Rug: Origin:The ancient city of Khotan (Hotan) in the southern region of Xinjiang (Chinese Turkistan). Size: Traditional Khotan rugs are longer and narrower than standard rugs Colors: Can be rich and warm (deep reds and golds) or light and pastel (pale pinks and light grays) Design: Incorporates Chinese and central Asian influences, stylized geometric and floral patterns Oushak Rug (also called Ushak): Origin: Uşak, Turkey Size: Medium to large Colors: Silky, shimmery wool in shades of cinnamon, terracotta, grey, and soft pastels Design: Large-scale geometric floral patterns Overdyed Rug: Origin: Overdying began in Istanbul as a way to brighten old, faded woven rugs. Size: Varies Colors: The original colors of a rug are diffused via bleaching and washing techniques, and the rug is then re-dyed in one solid color (hence the term overdyed); the result is that the original pattern and design are visible through one muted color. Design: Varies depending on the style of rug used in overdying process Persian Medallion Rug (also called Kashan): Origin:Iran and Pakistan Size: Varies Colors: Diverse palette of 15-25 colors Design: Floral motifs with unique central medallion Qashqai Rug: Origin: Iran Size: Varies Colors: Typically features 6-9 alternating colors; deep indigo blue, madder red, or gold/yellow are often the featured colors Design: Bold, geometric designs interspersed with tribal symbols

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